3D Printing Fashion

 

Imagine one day you can decide what you want to wear that day, download it, and print it with your phone, as you are getting out of bed. Such an imagination is the future of the 3D printer fashion. 3D Printing is one of the new techniques that have interred the fashion world. Organizations such as Nike and Adidas are examples of the popular and well-known institutions that are gaining from this kind of technology. Some creative fashion designers have gone viral and are already showing their 3D design in their catwalks such as Nadir Gordon, Michael Schmidt, Francis Bitonti and Iris Van Herpen.

The field of fashion is upgrading and current it is all about the use of software and modern technology in coming up with designs. Such an upgrade makes it easy to determine the difference between the current fashion and the modern style. Fashion should not be the same way it was hundreds of years ago, and it has to be consistent and improve with the enhancement in technology. Everything has gone digital and that includes fashion which is trending. People all over the world are getting more conscious of their outfits and styles.  The main purpose of using technologies in our life is to make it easier. Thanks to 3D printing because it has saved us time and energy for there is no more sewing and designers can implement their designs regardless of complexity.

My project process started with learning more about the 3D printing and how it works. I had to gain more knowledge about its operation as a way of easing the project procedure. I collaborate with a software engineer who knows more about 3D printing technology. The engineer helps me understand the process of printing and the available options that I can utilize to come up with a great idea. The decisions I made for my experimental project were a reflection of my determination and within a short period, I had completed generating the two wearable pieces. The printing process could define each item by the material, and identify the piece that would fit for the right temperature and the right speed

I started sampling to figure out the right adjustment for my design. There were three filaments available at the technology lab for me to use; PLA, ABS, and the glowing filament. At first, I chose the glowing filament to print the design I chose. Since the 3D printer starts printing layer by layer, it took an hour to get one piece. There were two reasons; the first one was because the layers for the design were so complicated. The other reason was the type of filament; it was the type that needed more time and use of high temperatures. To reduce the complexity I had to modify the design of the layers and for these reasons, I changed the layers design and size along with the type of filament then I switched to black PLA for convenience purposes.

The first garment that I managed to make was a top that would act as a complementary piece for another garment. It was made of 62 3D printed teardrop shape piece that was hooked with rings and a chain. It took ten hours and a half to compose the pieces and five hours to attach them together. The second garment was a lower waist piece that was made of 117 3D printed hexagonal shape pieces. It was a beautiful outfit if someone combines with the top. Rings and a chain also attached the under waist piece. And it took thirteen hours and a half to print the pieces and eleven hours to attach them together.

3D printing is a manufacturing technology that has been used in many fields including medical, engineering, and entertainment among many others. Organizations can confirm that it is an imperative aspect that helps them carry out their operations. This type of printing has seen a lot of individuals and companies that deal with it gain a lot of profits due to the high demand of consumers. Technology, on the other hand, has interred the fashion world in the most creative ways. The amazing technology designers can create the most intricate designs without sewing. My critique on this case of technology, however, is that it needs more time for research work to be done so as to be able to use the software and, of course, more time for the printing. The cost of 3D printing is high unless you have your 3D printer at home and have the knowledge to use the software. Affordability becomes a problem due to the high prices associated with the 3D printers hence the poor in most cases cannot afford these printers. The rich end up benefiting by making designs that even the pure have to struggle to purchase just to appear classy as well. It is more advisable that the prices are lowered to make it affordable to the mass so that they can use it to influence the development of fashion.

ART 544p: Developing alternative materials

3D Printing Fashion

3D Printing is one of the new technics that’s interred the fashion world slowly. Some big well known brand are experimenting the new technology such as Nike and Adidas. However,  creative fashion designers are already showing their 3D design in their catwalk such as Nadir GordonMichael Schmidt, Francis Bitonti and  Iris Van Herpen
Nadir Gordon: a Panamanian fashion and textile design student that got inspired by the waves and created a 3D printed swimsuit.

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To create the design she needed a little help from a friend. Jonathan Guerra a 3D printing expert from Panama City, Panama helped Gordon to designed the dress. It took them less than a day to make the design. Guerra used a Sketchfab model for this job, which helped him a lot. They used PLA material, the decided the dress into 14 different parts, and then printed them on a 3D printer. The total printing time was 70 to 90 hours. After all parts were printed, Guerra fused the different parts together using soldering iron. 
http://3dprinting.com/news/artist-got-inspired-waves-created-3d-printed-swimsuit/
Micheal Schmidt, Francis Bitonti: Micheal Smith worked with New York–based architect Francis Bitonti to create a dress for Dita Von Teese made entirely from a 3-D printer, the size of the machine is the same as a refrigerator. After Bitonti knows Smith’s vision, the dress was printed in 17 different sections containing over 3,000 pieces made from nylon using a process called selective laser sintering (SLS).

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http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2013/03/25/the-world-s-most-innovative-dress.html
Iris Van Herpen: She is very famous of her unique 3D printing designs.  From now until May 15, 2016, the High Museum of Art will be showcasing Iris van Herpen work. The exhibit, titled Iris van Herpen: Transforming Fashion. She said that using the 3D printer helping her execute complex designs that are hard to do with the traditional way. 

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http://3dprintingindustry.com/2015/11/12/high-museum-of-art-atlanta-pays-tribute-to-van-herpens-3d-printed-fashion/

Other 3D printed fashion:

http://3dprinting.com/fashion/
http://www.dezeen.com/2015/04/13/united-nude-3d-printed-shoes-zaha-hadid-ben-van-berkel-michael-young-milan-2015/
http://www.dezeen.com/2016/01/24/video-energetic-pass-3d-printed-shoes-neta-soreq-fashion-footwear-design-movie/
http://www.dezeen.com/2015/09/08/francis-bitonti-3d-printed-gold-plated-mutatio-shoes-united-nude-3d-systems/
http://www.dezeen.com/2015/09/08/3d-printed-gold-jewellery-18-carat-reshape-industry-lionel-t-dean/
http://www.dezeen.com/2015/08/24/movie-anouk-wipprecht-integrates-parking-sensors-headlights-technology-3d-printed-fashion-collection-audi/

 

For any fashion designer, to print their design they need to collaborate with Professional that can translate the design into the software to be printed.

For my project, I collaborate with Kristine Belknap a graduate software engineer student. She is helping me using the 3D printer to print my garment.

First Design 

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Second Design

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Fiber Optic Fabric 

The fiber optic fabrics are lightning fabric that made from ultra thin optical fibers woven in to a synthetic fibers. Using LED lights the fibers carry the light from bone end to another

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Rachael Reichert - Fiber Optic Fabric corset dress

 

Experimental in Contemporary Art and Fashion

Intelligent Fashion

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Most things that we’re in close contact with in our lives becoming intelligent. Moreover, textiles are in contact with our lives more than 90%, so why don’t they become intelligent too. Textiles and electronics are integrating as the foundation of a new functionality that called Electronic Textile, E-Textile, Smart Textile, or Wearable System. They are based on electrically-active woven e-fibers. New products integrating e-textiles are being created from clothing to bandages, bed linen to industrial fabrics. E-Textile markets expect the growth to accelerate rapidly over the next decade. However, it’s going to start slowly due to many challenges unless large companies start to invest heavily and releasing early products.

Historical Background:

Smart textile started for the first time 1990s in for the use of military  in United States and European countries. The development of smart clothing distinguished in four stages.

First Stage, 1980s to 1997, the idea of wearable computer has been initiated.

Second Stage, 1998 to 2001, fashion and textile sectors joined in product development.

Third Stage, 2002 to 2005, during this stage product marketability attracted more interests. Smart clothing focused on technical feasibility and user requirements.

Fourth Stage, 2006 to current, some  high fashion brands jumped into smart clothing development.

 

What is E-Textile?

E-Textiles are electronics and interconnection woven into fabric. They incorporate conductive fiber or elements directly into the textiles itself. They feel like textile and eliminate wires and hard electronics.

How do E-Textile work?

There are many materials available from yarns to woven and coated fabrics that incorporate with the textile itself. Most e- textiles are passive circuits; they are resistive or conductive element. E-Textiles will be able to sense, emit light, show changing images, heat, cool, change chap. Also, they can be used through compute and wirelessly communicate. Or, assembling the surrounding energy to create electricity where needed.

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What distinguishes this system is that it automatically recognizes the activity and behavioral stats of their user by its ability to characterize.

Where do E-Textiles used?

It can be used in many products; NuMetrex athletic garment that monitor heart rate, fabric key pads for controlling iPad, heating product that can create sensors, thermchromatic displays, and data transfer system, antenna and heating elements. Also, it can diagnose or treat medical conditions sometimes.

International Fashion Machines (IFM) by Maggie Orth. She combine exceptional contemporary design with the latest in electronic textile technology to create products that lights’ our rooms

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 Each pattern is machine embroidered on DesignTex wool felt and hand tufted with electronic yarns. When viewers touch the tufted, electronic textile sensor area of each pattern, the felt and embroidered yarns are illuminated from behind, revealing the light transmissive properties of the textile.

Some brand started to lunch some e-textile apparel such as Adidas, Reebock, and Nike. In particular Adidas inserts micro sensors into their jerseys to monitor athletic performance. These sensors don’t interfere with the athletes’ activity, but are able to measure heartbeat and respiration.

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Moreover, there are some top designers who already start following this phase. Francesca Rosella and Ryan Genz are the designers behind CuteCircuit.

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CuteCircuit is a known fashion house in London. Francesca Rosella and Ryan Genz pushed the boundaries of wearable technology since the lunched of CuteCircuit in 2004. Their most recent creation was the twitter dress that was worn by Nicole Scherzinger. It was a high end fashion design dress that receives Tweets in real time from Nicole’s fans using the #tweetthedress hashtag while she is on the red carpet during the live stream.aFashionGuide_inspo_Nicole_Twitter_Dress3-470x260

Another celebrity wore their design is Katy Perry in her stage shows and red carpet appearances.

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All their creations were made in UK, Italy, or USA and manufactured with high quality and technologically advanced materials. Every garment is tested to comply with their gold stander. They use 100% RoHs in their garment. The textiles are Oeko Tex certified.

Another way of use technology in fashion is to use the 3D printer to create high fashion. The leader designer who used this high technique in her first show in Paris was Iris Van Herpen in collaboration with MGX, which is company that uses a variety of 3D printing methods to manufacture their product of Lamps and furniture and some fashion accessory. .MGX by Materialise collection combines the best of modern and traditional craftsmanship.

 

Stoppa, and Chiolerio, Wearable Electronics and Smart Textiles: A Critical Review, Sensors,          7 July 2014.

Suh, Minyoung, Kate Carroll, and Nancy Cassill. “Critical Review on Smart Clothing Product Development.” Journal of Textile and Apparel Technology and Management 6.4 (2010): 1-18. Print.

http://www.CuteCircuit.com

http://www.irisvanherpen.com

http://www.additivefashion.com 

http://www.ifmachines.com

http://www.afashionguide.com/style-tips/wearable-tech-a-smart-clothing-revolution/

http://www.additivefashion.com/iris-van-herpen-escapism-january-2

https://www.sparkfun.com 

http://magazine.modelboard.com/smart-dress

Appearance Hack

For my Hack appearance I’m choosing to do something that is completely the opposite of my personalty and out of my comfort zone. I’m a nice girl who like all colors and like to wear make-up in natural way, in overall I like the natural soft look with some colors. However, the opposite of my personality and my culture that I will try to reincarnation is the Gothic style. I’m going to be wearing all black with heavy dark make-up and unnatural hair color.

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